The prostate is a gland of the male reproductive system that is located in front of the rectum and just below the bladder. The prostate is small and weighs about 15 to 25 grams. It is about the same size and shape as a walnut. The prostate is wrapped around a tube called the urethra, which carries urine from the bladder out through the tip of the penis.
The prostate is made up largely of muscular and glandular tissues. Its main function is to produce fluid for semen, which transports sperm. During the male orgasm (climax), muscular contractions squeeze the prostate's fluid into the urethra. Sperm, which are produced in the testicles, are also propelled into the urethra during orgasm. The sperm-containing semen leaves the penis during ejaculation.
Although not technically part of the urinary system, the prostate gland is important to the urinary health. That's because the prostate surrounds the top portion of the tube that carries urine from the bladder (the urethra). Normally, the location of the prostate gland isn't a problem. But infection or inflammation can cause the gland to swell, squeezing the urethra and affecting the ability to urinate. That's exactly what happens in prostatitis, although the cause of the inflammation depends on the type of prostatitis.
The total length of treatment for Chronic Prostatitis and BPH depends on the following factors:
- Duration of disease
- Underlying infection, its extent and drug (antibiotics) dependency or drug-resistance
- Extent of enlargement
- Exigent of symptoms (pain, frequency, retention, residual urine, prostate weight and size)
- Associated diseases like diabetes, blood pressure, etc.
- Age of the patient
Most patients of Chronic or recurring Prostatitis show significant results in about four months. If it is very chronic, the treatment may be longer. Cases of BPH may show improvement in symptoms and size in about six months. However, the BPH cases may need treatment for a long period.